Single-Sex Schools Psychology

Modern psychology and common sense will tell you that boys and girls need to be educated together as equals and that coed schools are important because they teach boys and girls how to get along with each other. Schools segregated by sex have many disadvantages, and people need to be aware of them.

Promotes Poor Social Skills

When schools prohibit boys and girls from studying together in the same classroom, they may think that their gender is either better or inferior. According to “Forbes,” when students are segregated by sex, they miss opportunities to work together and develop vital social skills. The publisher also states that segregated students often wonder about the reasons for separation, and they question the value of one gender over another. Gender-segregated schools produce young men and women who don’t know how to communicate with one another and leave lasting impressions that one gender is better than another. According to the American Psychological Association, this type of bigotry can cause problems in forming adult relationships as children get older. The APA argues that school is preparation for adult life and how boys and girls learn to interact will dictate relationships formed in the workplace.

Promotes Sexism

When segregation raises its head, it usually casts one subject as having more value than another. Just as racial segregation promoted racism, schools segregated by sex promote sexism. According to “Science Daily,” a study conducted in 2010 by Professor of Psychology, Human Development and Family Studies Lynn S. Liben examined classrooms segregated by sex and found signs of sexism in students. She concluded, “The choice to fight sexism by changing coeducational practices or segregating by gender has parallels to the fight against racism.” When boys and girls are taught under separate roofs, they often wrongly conclude that one gender is better than the other gender.

Legality

In 2008 the American Civil Liberties Union of Kentucky filed a federal lawsuit arguing that segregated classrooms by sex in public schools is discriminatory and against the law. They argued that such educational methods violate multiple state and federal laws, in particular Title IX passed in 1972, which promotes gender equality. Emily Martin, Deputy Director of the ACLU Women’s Rights Project, added that sex-segregated classrooms are unlawful because they prevent children from equal opportunities in education and prevent students from benefiting from smaller class sizes, improved funding, teachers with better training and more parental involvement.

Fewer Experiences

If students go to mixed gendered schools, they will benefit from having a richer range of experiences than those who go to single-sex classes. As most schools are mixed, children who go to same-sex schools might feel as if they are getting the short end of the stick. Although studies prove that boys and girls have the same brainpower and can learn the same things, there are unique learning traits in both genders. According to “Web M.D.,” a boy’s brain utilizes a larger part of the cerebral cortex dedicated to mechanical and spatial functioning, and as a result, boys tend to have an easier time learning with pictures and movements. When girls and boys learn together, they can also learn from one another and benefit from exposure to peers with various learning styles

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